During the war of liberation in 1971, at the decision of Bangabandhu, people everywhere the country jumped into the struggle for liberation. Fighting broke out from house to deal with against the Pak aggressors. At that point the notorious Al-Badr forces formed Pakistan to stop the increase of Bangladesh. After the war of liberation, a cyclostyle copy of the proposal to make the Al-Badr Force was recovered from an abandoned headquarters of the Al-Badr Divisional Unit in Rajshahi with a letter from the Pakistani military administration.
The house of Pandit Amares Das Chowdhury “Mohini Niketan” was captured by the Al-Badr forces at Rani Bazar in Rajshahi city. Then they formed the camp of their divisional unit here. Ahmed Shafi Uddin, a journalist from Rajshahi during the war of liberation, recovered these copies of the formation of Al-Badr from this camp after the war. During the war of liberation this journalist was the chief reporter of the then weekly Sonardesh. at the present the magazine is being published as an area daily with an equivalent name. The magazine was first published in 1980 by AHM Kamaruzzaman, one among the four national leaders.
According to the document, during the war of liberation, Ali Ahsan Mohammad Mujahid told the Pakistani military rulers that “Pakistan Islamic Students Union workers who are scattered everywhere the country and who are loyal, sincere and honest Pakistanis are able to serve the state during this difficult time.” ” Besides, during the war of liberation, Ali Ahsan Mohammad Mujahid introduced the members of Jamaat-e-Islami’s then student organization Islami Chhatra Sangha (ICS) and proposed to make the infamous Al-Badr force with ICS members during a failed plan to prevent the increase of Bangladesh.
Ahmed Shafi Uddin, a correspondent in Rajshahi, says that on Annunciation , 1971, Pakistani aggressors vandalized the weekly’s office within the Ranibazar area of Rajshahi city. At an equivalent time the newspaper announced the death warrants of all the journalists. At that point the journalists were forced to escape . He found the documents when he returned to the town after independence.
He says he decided to return to Rajshahi within the post-independence period to gather evidence of the war from various spots. Later, Mohini Niketan of Albadar Bahini in Rani Bazar found a bag during a well within the camp and rescued it with the assistance of her cousin. Two thousand pages of documents of Al-Badr leaders were later found within the bag. He handed it over to insurgent Nurul Islam for research. He left a replica of it with himself.
Written in day, date and unsigned English, these documents contained perspective descriptions of the formation of the Al-Badr forces. At an equivalent time, the action plan, objectives and activities of the Al-Badr forces are discussed intimately with the aim of eliminating the pro-liberation forces as enemies and miscreants.
According to the document, Ali Ahsan Mohammad Mujahid was the acting president of the ICS in Bangladesh during the war. within the formation of Al-Badr, he preferred to ask it as “Islamic Jamiat-e-Talaba Pakistan”. In his letter to make Al-Badr, Mujahid insisted that only ICS-trained personnel should be recruited into the Al-Badr volunteer force.
‘Al-Badr will only recruit tested personnel who will work for the integrity of Pakistan even at the danger of their lives. Al-Badr will specialise in their quality instead of the amount of workers, ‘it was written within the document.
The correspondent added that Mujahid had suggested that the Al-Badr force would help the Pakistani military select and interrogate “miscreants” and build an intelligence network against them. He advised the Al-Badr forces to rise above the ranks of other allies of the Pakistani aggressors, the Razakars and therefore the Mujahideen. Explaining the rationale , he wrote, those organizations were corrupted by opportunists.
He mentioned within the document, ‘A new group of volunteers might be organized on top of the Razakars and Mujahideen, most of whom would be students. Of course, among the children who aren’t students, those that are intelligent and honest are often placed under this force. But they need to possess the mentality of being under united leadership.
The Mujahideen’s proposal begins with an outline of ICS’s allegiance to Pakistan and therefore the military. He advised the Al-Badr forces to be prepared so strong and courageous that they might not be ready to spare even their close relatives if they stood against the integrity of Pakistan and therefore the independence of Bangladesh.
It said, ‘Our staff is trained within the true Islamic way. On the one hand we aren’t able to save our closest relative if he’s a lively enemy of the integrity and unity of the state and on the opposite hand we’ll not disturb the peace loving and innocent a part of the people. Instead, we would like to create trust between them and eliminate all types of misunderstandings that are imposed on them.
Mujahid wrote a two-page letter to the Deputy Sub-Martial Law Administrator. There was mention, ‘Razakar, Albadar branch’. His name was at the top of the proposal.
Explaining the rationale for the formation of Al-Badr within the letter, Mujahid said, “ICS is facing some problems. they’re unable to deal with the non-student Razakars and Mujahideen. Our real observation, however, is that in many places some selfish and opportunistic comrades have entered the ranks of the Razakars, who became a serious problem for our honest and courageous actions. Nevertheless, we are able to add unison with the Pakistani army. But we feel helpless once we see someone entering a corporation with a purpose aside from helping the country.
In the letter, he mentioned that the ‘problems’ are reported to the Deputy law Administrator, Zone ‘B’.
During the War of Liberation, Pakistan was divided into two zones during the military rule. Pakistan was Zone ‘A’ and Bangladesh (then East Pakistan) was Zone ‘B’. Pakistani General Tikka Khan was responsible of Zone ‘B’.
Mujahid explained in his letter why it had been necessary to make Al-Badr only with ICS personnel. “It is that the only student organization that has maintained its separate identity as an all-Pakistan-based student organization and if they’re made members, there’ll be no inter-party clashes within the proposed Al-Badr forces.” We aren’t working for any political motive or party interest, but we would like to use our greatest means to beat the “national crisis”, the letter said.
The letter further states that the Deputy Military Administrator of Zone B has already considered the proposals and instructed the Islamic Students Union to arrange Al-Badr forces within the entire Bangladesh province “immediately”.
Al-Badr’s policies and programs The policies of the Al-
Badr forces, as outlined within the Mujahideen’s letter, are the primary to mention that they’re going to select tested personnel who will work for the integrity of Pakistan. Al-Badr will have three groups, one will attempt to restore confidence within the public. The second, will act as an intelligence branch and therefore the third, will receive armed training and act as a fighting group. The force will plan its own plans and programs and seek approval from local army officials before performing operations.
The letter proposed various activities including brainwashing of the people and keeping an in depth watch on the people that are in favor of the liberation war. The program of the Al-Badr forces included the formation of popular opinion and therefore the restoration of normalcy through PR , public meetings and propaganda within the villages.
The letter said that special emphasis should be laid on uniting the minds of the scholars . That said, it’ll work to bridge the gap between locals and non-locals (Bengalis and Biharis).
They termed the pro-liberation forces as ‘rogues’. Another of their programs was to determine a network of detectives to stay an in depth eye on those working for the liberation war. At an equivalent time, the ‘miscreants’ were caught and interrogated and therefore the army was assisted in maintaining law and order publicly meetings and academic institutions.
The last program described within the letter was to supply information to the military about those involved in anti-Pakistan activities in government, private and autonomous organizations and to supply information on anti-Pakistan activities to the military . If necessary, help the rebels to be loyal to Pakistan.
The Pakistan Army’s letter,
which described the letter as “confidential”, announced the formation of the Al-Badr Volunteer Force and explained its activities, but some words were coded in military language. It said Al-Badr would have two main goals. These are to help the govt / army in restoring law and order and to make special CDO (Special Command Duty Officer) type forces to hold out sabotage activities within the border areas.
The letter instructed that al-Badr organizations would be formed at the district / sub-divisional level. At each sub-divisional level, 313 student volunteers are going to be recruited from schools, colleges and madrasas. These students will attend their regular classes in schools, colleges and perform various assignments as determined by their executive committee. Facilitating
In the letter, Mujahid asked the Pakistani army for office space with space for the fighting group’s trainees and every one the opposite team’s necessary equipment. Rations and allowances for the trainees, transport arrangements for the expedition also as publicity and knowledge gathering activities or ‘supply of necessary equipment and arms and ammunition’ were sought.
Mujahid concluded, “I pray and hope that your authorities will kindly allow members of the Islamic Jamiat-e-Talaba to arrange Al-Badr forces in your area.”
In this regard, the letter from the Pakistan Army said, “The Army will provide training facilities for 13 days with special emphasis on commando type operations and firing (use of SA (semi-automatic guns)”. At an equivalent time, weapons / ammunition recovered from the rebels and Indians are going to be handed over to the Al-Badr forces counting on availability and necessity.